Born: April 4, 1911
Ohio connection: Birth
Evaline Ness was born Evaline Michelow, daughter of Albert and Myrtle Woods (Carter) Michelow, in 1911 in Union City, Ohio. In her childhood, she developed a great love for art. She attended Ball State Teachers College, 1931-32; Chicago Art Institute, 1933-35; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1943-45; and Accademia de Belle Arti, Rome, 1951-52. She taught children's art classes at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1943-45, and at Parsons School of Design, New York City, 1959-60. She was a fashion illustrator at Saks Fifth Avenue, 1946-49, and also a magazine and advertising illustrator during the same years. Her first marriage was to a commercial artist simply known as Mac but later ended in divorce. She was married to public safety director and former treasury agent Eliot Ness, from 1938 until their divorce in 1946. She married Arnold Bayard in 1959. Evaline Ness was a talented author and illustrator. She specialized in children's books, illustrating many of her own titles, as well as the works of others. Some of her self-illustrated books are Josefina February; Exactly Alike; Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine; Do You Have Time, Lydia?; Yeck Eck; and Fierce the Lion. She won the Caldecott Medal in 1967 for Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine. She did the illustrations for books by many different children's authors, including Helen E. Buckley, Virginia Haviland, Lucille Clifton, Margaret Wise Brown, and Lloyd Alexander. Evaline Ness died of a heart attack August 12, 1986 in Kingston, New York.
First prize for painting, Corcoran Art Gallery, Washington, DC; American Library Association (ALA) Notable Book, 1958, for The Sherwood Ring; ALA Notable Book and Horn Book honor list citation, both 1962, for Thistle and Thyme: Tales from Scotland; Horn Book honor list citation, 1963, for The Princess and the Lion; Caldecott Honor Book and Horn Book honor list citation, both 1963, for All in the Morning Early; Caldecott Honor Book and Horn Book honor list citation, both 1964, for A Pocketful of Cricket; Caldecott Honor Book and ALA Notable Book, both 1965, for Tom Tit Tot: An English Folk Tale; Horn Book honor list citation, 1966, for Sam, Bangs and Moonshine; Horn Book honor list citation, 1967, for Mr. Miacca: An English Folk Tale; Caldecott Medal, 1967, for Sam, Bangs and Moonshine; Hans Christian Andersen award nomination, 1972; ALA Notable Book and Horn Book honor list citation, both 1972, both for Old Mother Hubbard and Her Dog.